Tuesday, 24 April 2018

Facts On Epigenetics And Genes In General

By Carl Rogers


This is the study of change in gene activity that is not brought about by the change in the gene sequence. As much as we get our DNA from our parents, at no point will our DNA be similar to that of other people whether we are related or not because this the distinguishing factor in human beings. It can be used for identification and even record keeping in human genes and related factors. The article shades more light on genes and epigenetics.

It is always advisable to avoid inbreeding in both plants and animals. In most cultures, human beings are not allowed to marry their relatives. The result usually is children having defective characteristics like slow development. However, if relatives have intermarried so many times, and the child is married to a person in a similar situation, the child may be superior for example in physical fitness.

Mosaicism is a condition where by cells mutate and form a whole new line of DNA. For embryos, it could happen when they are 8-16 cells old. It may also occur in the case of twins. The embryos tent to interact and later grow as separate individuals with two kinds of DNA. The organism after having patches of each DNA is referred to as a chimera.

In DNA proteins are coded in three base layers. After the coding, there is a proof-reading process to ensure that no mistakes were made. The main aim is to make sure the copy is the same as the original. Mistakes may lead to conditions such for example; Haringtons disease. This is whereby there is a duplication of CAG which becomes a problem when passed on for generations.

There is the possibility of viruses invading the human cells is very real. They can be very harmful if they are not affected by mutagens. Even when affected by mutagens they can be stopped but not completely eradicated from the cell. This means they will have passed on from one cell to another and if they come into contact reproductive cells, the individual may have the virus in all the cells.

There is the case of jumping genes. These are the king of genes that can detach themselves from a DNA strand and later on reattach themselves. These do not have many effects, and the effects are dominant in maize seeds. Many are times you may have seen that maize grains have a lot of different colors. These are a perfect example of jumping genes.

The first ancestor of all of the living organism is the determinant of the structural base of all the DNA. The bases are usually four, but some cells with different kinds of bases have been brought forth and still work normally. This dismisses the theory of DNA only being able to form on four base stands. It is possible that all living things share a common ancestry.

There is the possibility of three-parent babies. This may be really confusing, but it does not involve three individuals. A person gets half their chromosomes from their father and the half from their mother. The mitochondria, however, are all from their mother. If they have mutated, they may bring a problem and this may be solved by putting the nucleus into a none fertilized egg.




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